Raga Kafi - Kaafi

Raga Kafi or Raag Kaafi is very Popular Raga for semi-classical composition in Indian Classical Music. Its chosen for light or semi classical or short-duration rendition compositions like Hori, Kajri, Thumri etc also.

Raga Details:

Aaroh-Avaroh (Scale): S R g M P D n S' - S' n D P M g R S 
Jati (Class): Sampoorna' Jati Raga which has all 7 notes in it.
Pakad (Identifying Phrase): SS RR gg MM P-
Preferable Time: Mid-night
Vadi Swara (Main Dominant Note): P
Samvadi swara (Harmonic Sub-Dominant Note): S
Nyas Swara(Elongated Notes): P S R g
Ragang and Important Note: Raga Kafi is Ashraya or Parent Raga of Thaat Kafi. Raga Kafi Main phrases or Anga are 'SS RR gg MM P-' as it is also mentioned in Pakad. Other than that 'R n D n P D M P g R' and ' S R M g R g S' is also comes very often in Kafi. Shuddha G and N is also comes in almost all composition and can be termed as 'Vivadi Swaras'. Shuddha G comes between Two Shuddha M like ' MGM' phrase. Shuddha is introduced normally in Aaroh in Antara.

Khayal Lyrics(Mid-tempo composition lyrics):

Lyrics गीत के शब्द: स्थायी (First Stanza):
प्रभू तेरी दया है अपार
तु अगम अगोचर अविकल चर अचर
सकल का तु अधार पतितन को उद्धार
Roman:
prabhu teri dayaa hai apaar,
Tu agam agochar avikal char achar
sakal ka tu adhaar patitan ko uddhar
अन्तरा (second stanza):
दीन अनाथ पतित अरु दुर्बल
मै अपराधी शरणागत हुँ
चतुर तिहार मोहे पार उतार
Roman:
deen anaath patit aru durbal,
mai apradhi sharanagat hun
chatur mohe paar utaar
Meaning: O Lord! I have your endless mercy, you are unreachable imperceptible,
untroubled in all perishable and imperishable. You are foundation of everything
and rescuer of decadent. I am poor, orphan, fallen and weak. I am guilty and in
your refuge now. O witted! help me attain salvation

Swaralipi of Drut/Madhyalaya Khayal (Notation in Bhatkhande System):

kafi-sthayi.png

Kafi-Antara.png

Some Simple Taan(Elaboration) from SAM (first beat)
(after..Teri Daya Hai-)
1. SS RR gg MM P- MP gR S-
2. Sg RM gR S- nD PM gR S-
3. Rn Dn PD MP gR -M gR S-
4. SR gM PD nS` nD PM gR S-

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